Laser Cladding Machine – The Comprehensive FAQ Guide
Laser cladding is one of the newer pieces of technology that makes use of a combination of nano-materials in performing work and producing parts and components.
Through the use of nanomaterials and lasers, SOHO uses laser cladding to improve alloy components’ strength and durability holistically.
SOHO’s R&D team keeps us at the cutting edge of laser cladding technology. To meet your specific requirements, we offer a comprehensive range of laser cladding machines.
SOHO offers state-of-the-art laser cladding technology, an extensive range of machines, and unparalleled customer service. Our advanced solutions will make your components last longer and give them more and better value!
Understanding What is Cladding
The process of cladding involves applying an additional layer of material to a substrate. This technique is commonly used in various industries to enhance the properties, performance, and appearance of different objects or structures.
Protection, insulation, aesthetics, and structural reinforcement are just a few benefits of cladding, we’ll get to that deeper in the latter part of this FAQ guide.
It is applicable to a variety of materials, including:
What is Laser Cladding?
Laser cladding is a sophisticated surface modification technology that employs lasers to put a layer of material onto the surface of a substrate. In addition, laser cladding is this controlled method that provides numerous advantages in terms of improving surface properties and extending component lifespan.
The Process of Laser Cladding
To give a brief summary of what this process entails, a high-energy-density laser beam and a stream of powdered cladding material are directed onto the surface of the substrate. Then, this beam heats the surface rapidly, allowing the substrate melt and fuse with the cladding powder, making them one.
What Are the Common Applications of Laser Cladding?
Because of its capacity to improve the surface qualities of components and create customized coatings, laser cladding has a wide range of applications in a variety of sectors. Some examples of common laser cladding applications are:
- Corrosion and Oxidation Protection
- Wear Resistance
- Thermal Barrier Coating
- Surface Repair and Restoration
- Build-Up and Dimensional Restoration
- Surface Engineering
- And Many More!
The Different Parts and Components of Laser Cladding Machines
In order to gain a better and more focused understanding of laser cladding machines, it’s imperative to know and be aware of the components and parts of it.
Today, there’s a multitude of laser cladding machines available in the market. However, the most common and usual parts and components of these machines include, but are not limited to:
- Nozzle (Coaxial)
- Laser System/Program
- Powder Carrier With Powder Feeder
- Focused Optics
- Shielding Nozzles
What is the Laser Cladding Process?
The laser cladding process is a well-thought technique that entails the application of a layer of material to the surface of a substrate with a high-energy laser beam.
In other words, summarizing it is not an easy task! But, that’s what we’re here for! So, we briefly summarized and tried to compress the idea of laser cladding in these steps:
- A worker prepares the substrate, the laser cladding machine, and the workpiece.
- Then, the laser beam nozzle will be positioned beside the metallic powder.
- After that, the machine will be operated on. The beam melts the powder, forming the metallurgical bond, creating a brand-new material.
Laser Cladding vs. Thermal Spraying
Many professionals, especially those that do not have experience, often mistakes thermal spraying with laser cladding, and vice versa. So, in this guide, we will differentiate them so you don’t miss out on what each of them are.
|Characteristics ||Laser Cladding ||Thermal Spraying |
|Procedure ||Makes use of high-energy laser beams in melting and fusing cladding material onto the substrate. ||Makes use of a heat source to heat and distribute coating to the substrate. |
|Cost ||Higher cost because of specialized laser machines, systems, and equipment. ||Lower initial investment requirement but less-valued equipment. |
|Bonding Process ||Metallurgical bond ||Mechanical bond |
|Compatibility of Material ||Suited for many different materials, including ceramics, metals, as well as other composite materials. ||Suited for many different materials too like polymers, carbides, metals, and ceramics – more flexible than laser cladding. |
|Applications ||Generally more complex, bearing better and more control over processes. ||Less complex, easier, and more flexible. |
|Thickness ||Precise control over the thickness of the clad. ||Range of thicknesses but not as accurate and as precise as laser cladding. |
Here’s a differentiation between TIG welding and laser cladding welding so you can further find out how laser cladding is special!
What is the Usual Heat Affected Zone (HaZ) For Laser Cladding?
The median or average heat affected zone for laser cladding should be around 0.5 to 0.75 mm. This is subject to the needs of your projects, as it can go as high as 1.25 mm.
What Are the Different Types of Laser Cladding Equipment?
There’s a multitude of equipment you can use for laser cladding. But, the following are the usuals:
Laser Cladding Workstations
These are adaptable systems that provide a controlled environment for laser cladding activities. A laser source, powder delivery system, scanning system, and control interface are typical components. Workstations are adaptable and suitable for a wide range of applications.
Robot-Assisted Laser Cladding Systems
These systems combine the accuracy of laser cladding with the adaptability of robotic arms. They are especially useful for complex geometries or large components that require automated movement and positioning. Robot-assisted methods allow for high-precision cladding and may be configured to follow different courses and patterns.
Handheld Laser Cladding Systems
They’re portable and freely-held systems that are for mobility and manual control. They are frequently used for repairs, maintenance, or smaller-scale projects that demand flexibility or mobility.
Fiber Laser Cladding Machines
For cladding operations, these systems use fiber lasers as the energy source. Fiber lasers provide high power and high beam quality, allowing for precise control and efficient material deposition. They are frequently used in industrial applications requiring high deposition rates and superior surface quality.
Why Choose SOHO’s Laser Cladding Machines
SOHO has been one of the country’s most-trusted manufacturers of welding machines and technology. We specialize in various CNC and welding development, such as laser cladding machines, CNC flame plasma cutting machines, welding chucks, and many more!
We’re more than skilled and capable of producing high-caliber machines from rich and natural resources that we either have or we source out from other manufacturers, too.
Contact us using any of the accessible ways, and we will send you a free quote! There’s no need to ask twice – within 24 hours, a dedicated representative will be in your email asking for additional particular information about your orders!
Contact us immediately and we’ll get you a quote the next day!